hist of holocaust oct 31

hist of holocaust oct 31 - Oct. 31 Question of Resistance -...

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Question of Resistance - Controversial topic, people had strongly held beliefs in one direction or another After WWII, many people said there was little to no Jewish resistance at all, for a few reasons: 1. For most of the history of Jewish life in Europe, the Jewish communities that had either no or little political power - Book- Destruction of European Jewry - Jews learned that to survive they had to restrain from resistance - Jews could not make the switch, were helpless 2. Where it did occur, had either little or minimal military impact - Jewish resistance was never about having a military impact on Nazi’s - Resistance is meaningless in contrast to Polish Underground Army 3. Many Zionists frequently contrasted the passive roles of Jews to the active role the new Jews were playing - Vast majority of Jews did not take part in armed resistance - What kind of actions constitute resistance? Is there a spectrum of actions that range from collaboration to resistance? Do those words have no meaning? - The Jewish Council in Kovno - Jewish lives depended on orderly structure of the ghetto - if did not see what they wanted to see, there would be chaos - idea that there needs to be order - believed if they ran the ghetto in an orderly way, there would be less violence, if not no violence; a way peace can be maintained and community protected - tried to maintain normal social life in abnormal conditions o Jewish councils had no money, not given a budget by Germans o Were given orders, not money o Had to collect taxes from Jews in the ghettos themselves, with that money tried to set up soup kitchens/ food distribution agencies o Minimal attempts at medical care, no medicines; tried to arrange for hospitals to function as best as they could, considering there was no way to treat all the sick people o Tried to provide other kinds of social services (orphanages if parents were taken/ died/ taken away to labor camp o Act of at least trying to provide welfare created a sense of community, and that was very important - Tried to set up a home in the ghetto o Tried making secret hiding spots o Was cultural resistance- in addition to holding the community together
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course HOLOCAUST 261 taught by Professor Paulhanebrink during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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hist of holocaust oct 31 - Oct. 31 Question of Resistance -...

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