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Unformatted text preview: 9/2/11 There were attempts to create political parties based on Anti- Semitism in Germany; not successful… main platform was to get Jews out of economy. (only got 2% of votes) Right after WWI, marginal ideas became mainstream; Nazi party became best spokespeople of the ideas that became mainstream. 1. 1880’s; Nationalism German speaking peoples lived in different German lands Germans were divided politically; made it all the more important to define what German culture was what connected them = German-ness. (German Culture) What is a German nation?- all the people who speak German, all the people familiar with certain aspects of German culture (music, art, various practices)… if you embrace those ideas, identify strongly with the culture, that made you German. - ^very open, inclusive idea… you can learn these things if you put your mind to it; embrace a certain history as your own history- some people said there is something else other than learning all of this.. there is something innate inside of people that you can’t acquire. This “thing” that made you German/ Not German was related to your blood.- Others said it’s not biological/ in your blood, it’s just a feeling you either have or don’t have. VOLK- people, nation, race (under Nazi definition)… one unitarian thing, not individual things. You are a member of this collective thing, a Volk. Who can be a member vs. Who can’t? = big debate. Right wing groups wanted to persuade Parliament to spend more money on military; Germany needed to find its place in the sun. Germany needs to play the role that it should. What made German music German? Had to have the feeling that comes from the notes. (artistic concept) Discussion about the difference between German and Jewish music; thought it was a problem worth thinking about. *By end of 19 th century, in German = question about what it meant to be German. Lots of definitions on the table, some of them are more inclusive of other people (Jews), while other definitions are exclusive (these people are German, these people are not)....
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course HOLOCAUST 261 taught by Professor Paulhanebrink during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.
- Fall '11