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Reading%20Guide%20Chapter%205 - properties of the R group...

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Science 2107 Reading Guide Chapter 5 1. List the four major classes of macromolecules. 2. Distinguish between monomers and polymers. 3. Draw diagrams to illustrate condensation and hydrolysis reactions. 4. Distinguish between monosaccharides, disaccharides, and  polysaccharides. 5. Describe the formation of a glycosidic linkage. 6. Distinguish between the glycosidic linkages found in starch and cellulose.  Explain why the difference is biologically important. 7. Describe the building-block molecules, structure, and biological  importance of fats, phospholipids, and steroids. 8. Distinguish between saturated and unsaturated fats. 9. Name the principal energy storage molecules of plants and animals. 10.Distinguish between a protein and a polypeptide. 11.Explain how a peptide bond forms between two amino acids. 12.List and describe the four major components of an amino acid. Explain  how amino acids may be grouped according to the physical and chemical 
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Unformatted text preview: properties of the R group. 13.Explain what determines protein conformation and why it is important. 14.Explain how the primary structure of a protein is determined. 15.Name two types of secondary protein structure. Explain the role of hydrogen bonds in maintaining secondary structure. 16.Explain how weak interactions and disulfide bridges contribute to tertiary protein structure. 17.List four conditions under which proteins may be denatured. 18.List the major components of a nucleotide, and describe how these monomers are linked to form a nucleic acid. 19.Distinguish between: a. pyrimidine and purine b. nucleotide and nucleoside c. ribose and deoxyribose d. 5’ end and 3’ end of a nucleotide 20.Briefly describe the three-dimensional structure of DNA...
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