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Reading%20Guide%20Chapter%208 - 10.Describe the function of...

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Biol 2107 Reading Guide Chapter 8 1. Explain the role of  catabolic  and  anabolic pathways  in cellular  metabolism . 2. Distinguish between  kinetic  and  potential energy . 3. Explain why an organism is considered an open system. 4. Explain the  first and second laws of thermodynamics  in your own  words. 5. Distinguish between exergonic and endergonic reactions in terms of free  energy change. 6. Explain why metabolic disequilibrium is one of the defining features of life. 7. List the three main kinds of cellular work. Explain in general terms how  cells obtain the energy to do cellular work. 8. Describe the structure of ATP and identify the major class of  macromolecules to which ATP belongs. 9. Explain how ATP performs cellular work.
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Unformatted text preview: 10.Describe the function of enzymes in biological systems. 11.Explain why an investment of activation energy is necessary to initiate a spontaneous reaction. 12.Explain how enzyme structure determines enzyme specificity. 13.Explain the induced-fit model of enzyme function. 14.Describe the mechanisms by which enzymes lower activation energy. 15.Explain how substrate concentration affects the rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction. 16.Explain how temperature, pH, cofactors, and enzyme inhibitors can affect enzyme activity. 17. Explain how metabolic pathways are regulated. 18.Explain how the location of enzymes in a cell may help order metabolism....
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