Reading%20Guide%20Chapter%2016 - strands is not possible 7...

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Biol 2107 Reading Guide Chapter 16 1. Describe the structure of DNA. Explain the base-pairing rule and describe  its significance.        2. Describe the semiconservative model of replication. 3. Describe the process of DNA replication, including the role of the origins of  replication and replication forks.  4. Explain the role of DNA polymerases in replication.  5. Explain what energy source drives the polymerization of DNA.  6. Define antiparallel and explain why continuous synthesis of both DNA 
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Unformatted text preview: strands is not possible. 7. Distinguish between the leading strand and the lagging strand. 8. Explain how the lagging strand is synthesized even though DNA polymerase can add nucleotides only to the 3’ end. Describe the significance of Okazaki fragments. 9. Explain the roles of DNA polymerase, mismatch repair enzymes, and nuclease in DNA proofreading and repair....
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