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Reading%20Guide%20Chapter%2017 - 8 Explain the general...

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Biol 2107 Reading Guide Chapter 17 1. Explain how RNA differs from DNA. 2. Briefly explain how information flows from gene to protein. 3. Distinguish between transcription and translation. 4. Compare where transcription and translation occur in prokaryotes and in  eukaryotes. 5. Define codon and explain the relationship between the linear sequence of  codons on mRNA and the linear sequence of amino acids in a  polypeptide. 6. Explain the significance of the reading frame during translation. 7. Explain how RNA polymerase recognizes where transcription should  begin. Describe the promoter and the terminator.
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Unformatted text preview: 8. Explain the general process of transcription, including the three major steps of initiation, elongation, and termination. 9. Describe the structure and functions of tRNA. 10.Describe the structure and functions of ribosomes. 11. Describe the process of translation (including initiation, elongation, and termination). 12.Explain what determines the primary structure of a protein and describe how a polypeptide must be modified before it becomes fully functional. 13.Compare the sources of genetic variation in bacteria and humans. 14....
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