Science 2107 Reading Guide Chapter 23 1. Explain the statement “It is the population, not the individual,that evolves.” 2. Explain how quantitative and discrete characters contribute to variation within a population. 3. Define a cline. 4. Explain why the majority of point mutations are harmless. 5. Explain why mutation has little quantitative effect on allele frequencies in a large population. 6. Describe the significance of transposons in the generation of genetic variability. 7. Explain how sexual recombination generates genetic variability. 8. Define the terms population , species , and gene pool . 9. Explain why meiosis and random fertilization alone will not alter the frequency of alleles or genotypes in a population. 10. List the five conditions that must be met for a population to remain in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.