Chapter%205%20Outline

Chapter%205%20Outline - THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF...

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THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF MACROMOLECULES Macromolecules Polymers Monomers Classes of polymers have specific monomers An immense variety of polymers a small set of monomers Dehydration reactions Figure 5.2A Hydrolysis Figure 5.2B PROTEINS Proteins have many structures many roles inside the cell An overview of protein functions Table 5.1 Enzymes Figure 5.16 Polypeptides amino acids A protein consists of one or more polypeptides Amino acids have A carboxyl group An amino group An R group Figure 5.17 Amino acids Are linked by peptide bonds Figure 5.18 Four Levels of protein structure A protein’s primary structure Secondary structure α helix β pleated sheet Tertiary structure Quaternary structure Figure 5.20 pages 82-83 Protein conformation is affected by physical and chemical conditions of the environment Denaturation Figure 5.22 Chaperonins
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Figure 5.23 CARBOHYDRATES
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Chapter%205%20Outline - THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF...

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