Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - -Pres and states compromise on all...

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Exam 1 Study Guide Philadelphia Convention: Virginia Plan: -created by Edmond Randolph -Bicameral legislature---lower and upper houses, rep. based on population -Executive branch---unitary, chosen by legislature -Judiciary---chosen by legislature -Legislature could void state laws New Jersey Plan: -created by William Patterson -Unicameral legislature---representation equal for states -Executive branch---chosen by legislature, plural executive (committee of 3) -Judiciary---appointed by executives, lifetime appointment -Supremacy of National Laws. Connecticut/Great Compromise: -created by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth. -Small vs Large states over Representation: -Bicameral legislature---lower house (based on pop./ popular elections/Power of Purse) and upper house (selected by state legislatures/equal rep/more perks) -Slavery: -slaves would be counted at 3/5 a person---brought populations to more of a balance. -slave trade okay until 1808, fugitive slaves must be returned to owner. -Disagreement over Foreign Trade:
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Unformatted text preview: -Pres. and states compromise on all treaties---Pred. negotiates, states confirm/reject.-Unitary Executive:-nationally elected/Electoral College, qualified veto, no term limit-Supreme Court-Pres./Senate partnership, sit for life, dual jurisdiction (original and appeallate), size and structure established by congress Federalist Papers-#10---Union as a safeguard against domestic faction and insurrection (to cure problems in factions, either remove causes of control effects).-#39---Conformity of plan to republican principles (is republican form best?).-#49---Method of guarding against the encroachments of any 1 dep’t of gov’t by appealing to the people through a convention-#51---Structure of gov’t must furnish the proper checks and balances between different dep’ts. Articles of Constitution I. Legislative II. Executive III. Judicial IV. States Powers V. Amendments VI. Federal Gov’t is supreme/ Federal Power VII. Ratification...
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Exam 1 Study Guide - -Pres and states compromise on all...

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