phl notes exam 1

phl notes exam 1 - Anaxagoras(500428BC) 17:35...

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Anaxagoras (500-428 BC) 17:35 -most basic/real things = everything -Mind (as opposed to mind) set everything into play only thing that does not have a portion of everything else; stands on its own, not mixed only in some things mind was simply a function, not for organization just a catalyst to start motion/ is a physical cause -Nothing can go out of existence. -No concept of biggest/least (unlike Socrates) -uses term “seeds”—have unlimitied divisability and no isolation (unlike atoms)—no  stopping point like atoms have -nothing comes from nothing (LIKE Dem.); mind cannot make something out of nothing  either—it is separate, controls, knows -everything is in everything else (ex. A piece of chalk contains a piece of everything in  the universe) -NO ultimate purpose, YES things other than necessity
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Lucretius 17:35 -Argues that: There are particles that cannot be seen There is a void (like Democritus) There are certain bodies that are absolutely indestructible (like Dem’s atoms) -Belives universe is UNbounded (something cannot have a limit unless there is  something outside that limit—nothing outside the universe), dart ex. Also means we have infinite matter b/c of infinite space -Believes nature is free and uncontrolled by proud masters—room for freedom. -world is centerless and infinite -Superstition: not knowing, and attributing it to a cause not recognized in the physical  world. Thought it was BAD—leads people to do impius things, such as virgin sacrifice -believes in gods, just think that they have no interest in us and our lives -Void: everything had it except atoms Without void, there would be no opportunity for change, decay, or movement. Without void, things would not be able to pass through (noise/building example). -Matter: we see/feel things, thus there is matter atoms move in a direction because of their weight goes with many of Democritus’ atom concepts -bases his arguments on hard evidence and experience -believes in life elsewhere -Swerve: an atom randomly changing direction allows for free will and collisions (creation)
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Lucretius 17:35 can stop = free will we are not the cause of the swerve, we are the effect -Creation of the world: 1 st : earth Then plants/trees, then birds, then creatures, then humans All died—could not survive for themselves, no evolution to allow them to adapt. Complete chance that things happened as they did—atoms just moved and moved until  something formed. There is a derivative lawful order—can be reduced to a movement of atoms; 2
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHL 104 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Miami University.

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phl notes exam 1 - Anaxagoras(500428BC) 17:35...

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