Nature of Politics Exam 1 Review

Nature of Politics Exam 1 Review - Gaurav Singh CHENEYS LAW...

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Gaurav Singh Nature of Politics Exam 1 Review CHENEY’S LAW central problem Cheney faced – power of vice pres to address unanticipated crisis. Cheney believed president should be free in power in case of certain kinds of conduct—war/foreign policy opportunity of 9/11 meets idea of “unitary president,”-- president with unilateral power that allows president to carry out certain activities ignoring separation of power movie is microcosm of themes like tyranny, giving up freedoms DEFENSE OF SOCRATES Socrates is speaking, trial for being a “wise man” and challenging authority (old charges) New set of charges-corrupting the youth, not believing in gods of the city (impiety) and creating new deities He wants to distance himself from the sophists He uses the Socratic method, speaking to Melidus who is the main accuser There are no students here to speak against me Corrupting the youth charge-he asks who are good and not corrupting the youth, everyone in Athens is a good influence Not believing in gods charge-he believes in spirits, and spirits are children, so he must believe in god He then appeals to the people who voted for his death, gives implications, says it is unwise to fear death, We must fear wickedness Structure of the Greek trial system – people go before magistrate to determine whether or not they can be charged with a crime, if charges brought before a jury, heard testimony only (no rules of evidence), fines against those who brought charges if one did not convince certain number of jurors of guilt (prevented false charges) the trial was bifurcated—a two-part trial with a guilt phase and a penalty phase Socrates charged with 1 . believing in false gods (Meletus gets confused and the charge shifts between believing in false gods and believing in no gods) Socrates posed threat to a theistic society – Socrates follows the dictates of a different god—the Delphic oracle) 2 . corrupting the youth of Athens Delphic oracle says Socrates is the wisest, Socrates doesn’t believe, so goes around asking people with reputation for knowledge questions, reveals that they don’t know much; Socrates at least knows what he doesn’t know “Elenchus” – method of questioning employed by S – elicit answers to reveal confusion, investigating supposedly simple concepts to reveal contradictions The Athenian jury finds S guilty – S argues that they have been swayed by rhetoric, not knowledge
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Gaurav Singh Nature of Politics Exam 1 Review Socrates proposes that he be treated like a hero because he leads his fellow citizens towards virtue and knowledge (though ultimately he proposes a minor fine as a punishment) Socrates is sentenced to death; S argues that the jury members are harming themselves more than him Socrates’ irony - The Defense of Socrates is thought to represent the views of Socrates rather than Plato - The dialogue highlights problems with democracy – Socrates a victim of tyranny
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Nature of Politics Exam 1 Review - Gaurav Singh CHENEYS LAW...

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