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Nature of Politics Final Exam Review Sheet

Nature of Politics Final Exam Review Sheet - Gaurav Singh...

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Gaurav Singh Nature of Politics Final Exam Review MLK-Letter from Birmingham Jail he is in prison in Birmingham, responding to church distinction between just and unjust law justify acts in civil disobedience believes unjust laws SHOULD be disobeyed direct action-protests, marches, boycotts, bringing problem to the forefront through nonviolent actions constructive tension-makes people uncomfortable, but no harm is done 1. any law that uplifts your personality is a just law 2. any law that makes you feel inferior is an unjust law 3. procedural test-people who make law are excluded from it a. Unequal application test-one rule for whites and a different rule for everyone else 4. Facial validity-seems to be just but is unjust when applied JUST LAW comes from morality or religion uplift you in personality OBLIGATION TO DISOBEY UNJUST LAW UNJUST LAW don’t come from religion subjugate a minority (make laws for minority without consulting them) degrade your personality Justifications for Direct Action corrupt legal system visibility-bring problem to forefront preventing a violent outburst WHITE MODERATE (Alabama clergy) BIGGEST OBSTACLE TO CIVIL RIGHTS say they are with them but don’t act by agreeing with them Hobbes-On the Social Contract social contract-giving up liberty for certain security sovereign becomes one and only representative of population Rights of Sovereign 1. punish/judge 2. make the laws 3. as subject, you can never break your contract with the sovereign 4. cannot be unjust
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Gaurav Singh Nature of Politics Final Exam Review 5. cannot do anything to break contract 6. no punishment/accountability for sovereign 7. declare war-sole power 8. appointing government officials 9. has sole power of censorship 10. tacit consent-“agree with majority or be destroyed by the rest” 11. right to bestow honors/goods of society fascist type of government-Hobbes sees it as necessary for social contract never any reason to rebel Locke-On the Social Contract property-major purpose of government is to protect property sovereign is supreme ruler of land majority of people=government because they best represent what the people want Tacit consent -owning property/receiving benefits (you can leave to go wherever) Express consent
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