HDFS2303.003 LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT
KEY QUIZ CHAPTER 9
PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
1) Piaget regarded __________ as an important achievement of the concrete operational stage because it provides
clear evidence of __________.
A) seriation; reversibility
B) classification; hypothetico-deductive reasoning
C) conservation; operations
D) transitive inference; class inclusion
2) Jamal is able to think through a series of steps and then mentally return to the starting point. Therefore, Jamal is
C) transitive interference. D) class inclusion.
3) During a conservation-of-water task, Emme can focus on several aspects of the problem and relate them, rather
than centering on just one aspect. Therefore, Emme is capable of
B) class inclusion.
4) To test for ________, Piaget asked children to arrange sticks of different lengths from shortest to longest.
A) classification B) spatial reasoning
5) A concrete operational child can _________ mentally, an ability called _________________.
A) conserve; seriation
B) seriate; transitive inference
C) classify; decentration
D) reverse; class inclusion
6) Kim Lee is able to mentally represent her neighborhood and describe it to others. Kim Lee’s representation is
known as a
A) class inclusion.
B) large-scale route of travel.
C) transitive inference.
D) cognitive map.
7) According to Piaget, one limitation of concrete operational thought is that children’s mental operations work
A) everyday decision making.
B) logical constructs.
C) abstract ideas. D) organized thoughts.
8) The very experience of ____________ seems to promote mastery of Piagetian tasks.
B) learning to read
C) going to school
D) brain lateralization
9) Individuals skilled at ___________ can prevent their minds from straying to irrelevant thoughts.
C) metacognition D) elaboration
10) When Mike had to learn the state capitals, he grouped the states by region to assist his memory. Which memory
strategy did Mike use?
11) According to one view of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),
A) all children with ADHD are hyperactive. B) environmental factors usually cause ADHD.
C) girls are diagnosed with ADHD about four times as often as boys.