ANTIBODIES - ANTIBODIES(IMMUNOGLOBULINS)

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ANTIBODIES (IMMUNOGLOBULINS)   These are proteins that are made in response to the presence of an antigen. They are able to  recognize and bind to that same antigen and somehow inactivate or destroy it. Each antibody  molecule has at least two areas called antigen-binding sites that bind to the antigenic determinant  areas  of the antigen. The number of antigen-binding sites on the antibody molecule is called the  valence of that antibody. Most human antibodies have 2 binding sites and are known as bivalent  antibodies. Antibodies are members of the group of soluble proteins known as immunoglobulins  (Igs).   A bivalent antibody has the simplest molecular structure and is called a monomer. Typically it  has four protein chains, two light chains that are exactly alike and two identical heavy chains. The 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course MCB MCB2010 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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ANTIBODIES - ANTIBODIES(IMMUNOGLOBULINS)

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