Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANTIBODIES (IMMUNOGLOBULINS)   These are proteins that are made in response to the presence of an antigen. They are able to  recognize and bind to that same antigen and somehow inactivate or destroy it. Each antibody  molecule has at least two areas called antigen-binding sites that bind to the antigenic determinant  areas  of the antigen. The number of antigen-binding sites on the antibody molecule is called the  valence of that antibody. Most human antibodies have 2 binding sites and are known as bivalent  antibodies. Antibodies are members of the group of soluble proteins known as immunoglobulins  (Igs).   A bivalent antibody has the simplest molecular structure and is called a monomer. Typically it  has four protein chains, two light chains that are exactly alike and two identical heavy chains. The 
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course MCB MCB2010 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

Page1 / 2


This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online