ANTIMICROBIAL DRUGS

ANTIMICROBIAL DRUGS - ANTIMICROBIALDRUGS

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ANTIMICROBIAL DRUGS   Chemotherapeutic drugs (chemotherapy) combat disease in the body, whether it is caused by a  pathogenic microbe or something else (cancer)   An antimicrobial drug is a chemical that destroys pathogenic microbes with minimal damage to  the tissues of the host.    Antibiotic---this is specifically a chemical invented by one microbe to work against other  microbes   Synthetic---prepared in the laboratory, no microbe involved   Semisynthetic-----the original antibiotic is changed or modified in the lab   SOURCES OF ANTIBIOTICS   Most antibiotics come from soil bacteria. A great number of the antibiotics that are discovered  are so toxic that while they kill all known bacteria, they also kill the patient. Only a small  percentage can be developed for use in treating disease. Some organisms that produce antibiotics  are:   1. Members of the genus  Streptomyces  (bacteria)--more than half our antibiotics
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2. Members of the genus 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course MCB MCB2010 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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ANTIMICROBIAL DRUGS - ANTIMICROBIALDRUGS

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