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CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION1 - 6 An increase in life...

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CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS   Hospitals are required to have an infection control committee, an infection control nurse, or an  epidemiologist. Their job is to identify problem sources, check equipment for contamination,  check sterilization procedures, etc.    Some means of controlling infection include: 1. Education of staff 2. Handwashing!!!!! and gloves 3. Aseptic techniques where appropriate 4. Careful handling of contaminated materials 5. Isolation where appropriate           EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES   These are “new” diseases, identified in  one of these ways:    1. The disease presents symptoms that are clearly distinctive from all other diseases    2. Improved diagnostic techniques may allow the identification of a new pathogen    3. A local disease becomes widespread
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   4. A rare disease becomes common    5. A mild disease becomes more severe
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Unformatted text preview: 6. An increase in life span permits a new disease to develop Remember, the causative agent itself is usually not new, but just one that has not previously been recognized. Examples ( Table 14.6 P. 426 for others): MICROORGANISM YEAR DISEASE BACTERIA Borrelia burgdorferi 1975 Lyme disease Legionella pneumophila 1976 Legionnaire’s disease Escherichia coli O157:H7 1982 Food poisoning involving production of dangerous toxins FUNGI Pneumocystis carinii 1981 Pneumonia, esp. in AIDS patients PROTOZOA Cryptosporidium parvum 1976 Cryptosporidiosis VIRUSES HIV 1983 AIDS Hepatitis C virus 1989 Hepatitis Hantavirus 1993 Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome Ebola virus 1975 Ebola fever West Nile virus 1999 West Nile encephalitis PRIONS Bovine spongiform encephalitis agent 1996 Mad cow disease...
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