DETAILS OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL

DETAILS OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL - DETAILSOFAEUKARYOTICCELL

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DETAILS OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL FLAGELLA AND CILIA-  -when present, these are used to provide motility for the entire cell  or to move substances along the surface of the cell. 1. Flagella occur as one or a few and are relatively long 2. Cilia are short and occur in large numbers over the entire surface the cell. 3. Structure of eukaryotic cilia and flagella are similar to each other, but quite  different from bacterial flagella. a. Covered with plasma membrane  b. Filled with cytoplasm c. Contain microtubules--long, hollow tubes made of the protein tubulin. These are in a 9 + 2  arrangement:   Cross section Center 2 in core     9 sets d. Move in a wavelike motion (bacteria flagella rotate) e. Use energy from ATP f. Functions 1) Flagella-- Euglena  uses flagella to swim, so do sperm cells 2) Cilia-  Paramecium
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DETAILS OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL - DETAILSOFAEUKARYOTICCELL

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