ERYTHRITOL - (hopanoids) in oil deposits. These are derived...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ERYTHRITOL Synthesis (dehydration synthesis or condensation reaction) Gram negative bacteria broken into two groups based on fermentation ability. Further identified by fermentation profile. Cell wall contains both glycan (sugar like molecules) and small peptides. Fermentation of sugars results in small organic acids pH goes down. 2. Fats: Two molecules, fatty acids and glycerol. Fatty acids can be saturated, unsaturated, monounsaturated, trans fatty acids. Isomers concept. Triglycerides, Phospholipids, protomembranes, nature of the double lipid membrane. Size = < 10 nm. Waxes formed from alcohols and fatty acids. Transparancies: Fatty acids are COOH acids; Fat= Glycerol by condensation with a fatty acid. Saturated Fat Unsaturated Fat Monounsaturated Fat Trans Fatty Acid Phospholipids Some bacteria store fat and can be stained with Sudan Black. Useful to store energy in fat bonds because they do not dissolve in the cell. Most organic carbon stored in the form of ringlike fats similar to cholesterol
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: (hopanoids) in oil deposits. These are derived from bacteria. 3. Amino acids and proteins. Primary, secondary, tertiary, quartenary structures. Pleated sheets, loops, alpha helices, soluble insoluble, structutal (keratin), and enzymes. Relationship to nucleic acid. Inhibiting one enzyme from working can eliminate an infection. For example antivirals like AZT and Protease Inhibitors can knock down viral titer in an HIV patient below measurement. Show protein structures. DNA Components. Nitrogen Bases, A,C,G,T (PURINES AND PYRIMIDINES)--Capable of bonding to one another by nitrogen bonds. Deoxyribose--capable of bonding to bases and to Phosphate PO 4 . Sequence of bases determines sequence of amino acids in protein. REVIEW OF FUNCTIONAL GROUPS AND THEIR PROPERTIES: OH, COOH, C=0, SH, PO 4 , NH 2 , C-O-C, C-SS-C, Disulfide bridge or bond. Visit PDB databases, look for Protease Inhibitors, AZT etc,...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course MCB MCB2010 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online