Development - Development Theories of Development Many...

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Development Theories of Development Many psychologists have proposed stage theories of development, which argue that people pass through stages in specific orders, with challenges related to age and different capacities emerging in each stage. Sigmund Freud first described personality development in terms of stages and believed personality developed by age five. Erik Erikson proposed a theory of psychosocial development that occurs in eight stages over a person’s lifetime. He proposed that people face new challenges at each stage: trust vs. mistrust , autonomy vs. shame and doubt , initiative vs. guilt , industry vs. inferiority , identity vs. role confusion , intimacy vs. isolation , generativity vs. self- absorption , and integrity vs. despair . Jean Piaget ’s theory of cognitive development states that children develop schema or mental models to represent the world. He proposed four stages of cognitive development: the sensorimotor period , the preoperational period , the concrete operational period
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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Development - Development Theories of Development Many...

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