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Unformatted text preview: Language and Cognition Using Similar Problems A problem is often easier to solve if it can be compared to a similar problem. Example: Mike has to give his two-year-old daughter a bath, but she resists because she is afraid of the water. Mike remembers that he convinced her to get in the kiddie pool last week by letting her take her large plastic dinosaur toy with her for “protection.” He gives her the toy again, and she agrees to get in the tub. Changing the Way a Problem Is Represented A problem may be easier to solve if it is represented in a different form. Example: If hundreds of guests at a banquet are trying to figure out where they are supposed to sit, written instructions might not be easy to follow. A seating chart, however, makes the seating arrangement easy to understand. Obstacles to Effective Problem-Solving Researchers have described many obstacles that prevent people from solving problems effectively. These obstacles include irrelevant information, functional fixedness, mental set, and effectively....
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- Winter '09
- St. Ives