Neurons4 - area would have trouble playing the guitar or...

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Neurons, Hormones, and the Brain Structure and Functions of the Brain The brain is divided into three main parts: the hindbrain, the midbrain, and the forebrain. The Hindbrain The hindbrain is composed of the medulla, the pons, and the cerebellum. The medulla lies next to the spinal cord and controls functions outside conscious control, such as breathing and blood flow. In other words, the medulla controls essential functions. The pons affects activities such as sleeping, waking, and dreaming. The cerebellum controls balance and coordination of movement. Damage to the cerebellum impairs fine motor skills, so a person with an injury in this
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Unformatted text preview: area would have trouble playing the guitar or typing a term paper. The Midbrain The midbrain is the part of the brain that lies between the hindbrain and the forebrain. The midbrain helps us to locate events in space. It also contains a system of neurons that releases the neurotransmitter dopamine. The reticular formation runs through the hindbrain and the midbrain and is involved in sleep and wakefulness, pain perception, breathing, and muscle reflexes. The Forebrain The biggest and most complex part of the brain is the forebrain , which includes the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the limbic system, and the cerebrum....
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