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Unformatted text preview: Personality Personality Traits Personality is the collection of characteristic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make up a person. Personality traits are consistent and long lasting, while states are temporary. The Greeks thought that four types of humors corresponded to personality types. Raymond Cattell used factor analysis to cluster traits into sixteen groups. Many psychologists believe that there are five basic traits. These Big Five traits include neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Psychodynamic Theories Psychodynamic theories are based on Sigmund Freud s theory of psychoanalysis and emphasize unconscious motives and the importance of childhood experiences in shaping personality. Freud believed that the mind has three levels of awareness: the conscious , the preconscious , and the unconscious . Information in the unconscious emerges in slips of the tongue, jokes, dreams, illness symptoms, and associations between ideas. The personality is made up of three components that are in constant conflict: the id , the ego , and the superego . The id contains biological impulses, is governed by the pleasure principle , and is characterized by primary process thinking ....
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.
- Winter '09