Psychological Disorders Criticisms of the DSM Although the DSM is used worldwide and considered a very valuable tool for diagnosing psychological disorders, it has been criticized for several reasons: • Some critics believe it can lead to normal problems of living being turned into “diseases.” For example, a child who displays the inattentive and hyperactive behavior normally seen in young children could be diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder by an overzealous clinician. In earlier versions of the DSM , homosexuality was listed as a disorder. • Some critics argue that including relatively minor problems such as caffeine-induced sleep disorder in the DSM will cause people to liken these problems to serious disorders such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. • Other critics argue that giving a person a diagnostic label can be harmful because a label can become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A child diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may have difficulty overcoming his problems if he or other
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