Psychological Disorde14

Psychological - DSM-IV The DSM-IV uses a multi-axial system of classification which means that diagnoses are made on several different axes or

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Psychological Disorders Classification Psychologists and psychiatrists have classified psychological disorders into categories. Classification allows clinicians and researchers to describe disorders, predict outcomes, consider treatments, and encourage research into their etiology. Insanity Insanity is not a diagnostic label that psychologists use. Rather, it is a legal term that refers to the inability to take responsibility for one’s actions. The law does not consider most people with psychological disorders to be insane. People can use an insanity defense only if they were unable to distinguish right from wrong at the time they committed a crime. The DSM Psychologists and psychiatrists use a reference book called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM ) to diagnose psychological disorders. The American Psychiatric Association published the first version of the DSM in 1952. It has been revised several times, and the newest version is commonly referred to as the
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Unformatted text preview: DSM-IV . The DSM-IV uses a multi-axial system of classification, which means that diagnoses are made on several different axes or dimensions. The DSM has five axes: 1. Axis I records the patient’s primary diagnosis. 2. Axis II records long-standing personality problems or mental retardation. 3. Axis III records any medical conditions that might affect the patient psychologically. 4. Axis IV records any significant psychosocial or environmental problems experienced by the patient. 5. Axis V records an assessment of the patient’s level of functioning. Psychologists and Psychiatrists People sometimes use the words psychologist and psychiatrist interchangeably, but they are not the same. Psychologist is a broad term that refers to anyone with advanced training in psychology who conducts psychological testing, research, or therapy. A psychiatrist has a medical degree and treats patients with mental and emotional disorders. A psychiatrist can also prescribe medication....
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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