Unformatted text preview: environmental stressors are present. The Learning Model The learning model theorizes that psychological disorders result from the reinforcement of abnormal behavior. The Psychodynamic Model The psychodynamic model states that psychological disorders result from maladaptive defenses against unconscious conflicts. Disorder Assessment Psychologists use two methods to assess a psychological disorder: objective testing and projective testing. Objective tests are usually pencil-and-paper standardized tests such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) . Projective tests require psychologists to make judgments based on a subject’s responses to ambiguous stimuli. Word association tests or the Rorschach test , in which subjects interpret a series of inkblots, are examples of projective tests. (See pages 285–287 for more information on these tests.)...
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- Winter '09