Psychological Disorders Personality Disorders Personality disorders are stable patterns of experience and behavior that differ noticeably from patterns that are considered normal by a person’s culture. Symptoms of a personality disorder remain the same across different situations and manifest by early adulthood. These symptoms cause distress or make it difficult for a person to function normally in society. There are many types of personality disorders, including the following: • Schizoid personality disorder: entails social withdrawal and restricted expression of emotions • Borderline personality disorder: characterized by impulsive behavior and unstable relationships, emotions, and self-image • Histrionic personality disorder: involves attention-seeking behavior and shallow emotions • Narcissistic personality disorder: characterized by an exaggerated sense of importance, a strong desire to be admired, and a lack of empathy • Avoidant personality disorder: includes social withdrawal, low self-esteem, and
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