Psychological Treatment Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the treatment of psychological problems through confidential verbal communications with a mental health professional. All psychotherapies offer hope that a problem will improve, present new perspectives on the problem, and encourage an empathic relationship with a therapist. The approach a psychotherapist uses depends on his or her theoretical orientation. Types of approaches include psychodynamic, cognitive, humanistic, and behavioral. Types of Mental Health Professionals • Clinical and counseling psychologists have a doctoral degree as well as specialized training for diagnosing and treating psychological disorders and problems of daily living. • Psychiatrists are physicians. They have a medical degree and specialize in diagnosing and treating psychological disorders. Psychiatrists tend to focus on biomedical therapies, although they sometimes also provide psychotherapy. • Psychiatric social workers and psychiatric nurses also provide psychotherapy, often in
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