Psychology Major Figures

Psychology Major Figures - - (18961981) The former chief...

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Psychology Major Figures Thorndike, Edward - (1874–1949) The psychologist who formulated the law of effect, among other theories of learning. Thorndike primarily focused on animal behavior. Trivers, Robert - (1943– ) A sociobiologist who studies sexual and social behavior with respect to evolutionary history. Trivers forwarded the theory that gender differences in sexual behavior have a genetic root. Vygotsky, Lev - (1896–1934) A Russian psychologist who studied the development of thought. Vygotsky took a sociocultural approach to explaining cognitive development. He believed that social interactions with adults play a critical role in the development of children’s cognitive skills. Watson, John - (1878–1958) The founder of a school of psychology known as behaviorism. Watson studied the effects of conditioning on children. One of his most famous experiments involved conditioning a child named Little Albert to fear white, furry objects. Wechsler, David
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Unformatted text preview: - (18961981) The former chief psychologist at New Yorks Bellevue Hospital who designed the first intelligence test specifically for adults. Wechsler called the test the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Wechsler also devised a test for children called the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. Whorf, Benjamin Lee - (18971941) A linguist who hypothesized that language has a marked impact on thought. Whorf conducted famous studies of Native American languages. Wolpe, Joseph - (19151997) A psychiatrist who helped develop the procedure known as systematic densensitization, which is highly effective in treating phobias. Wolpe believed that most behavior was learned and therefore could be unlearned. Wolpe also developed the behavior therapy known as assertiveness training. Young, Thomas - (17731829) An early developer of color theory. Young studied the structure of the eye, the effects of light on the eye, and the nature of light itself....
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