An approach to a child with respiratory symptoms

An approach to a child with respiratory symptoms -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
    An approach to a child  with respiratory symptoms Dr. Pushpa Raj Sharma Professor of Child Health Institute of Medicine
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Common respiratory symptoms Cough Runny nose Tachypnoea Snoring Stridor Wheeze Chest pain Chest indrawing Haemoptysis Bluish discoloration
Background image of page 2
The most important sign: Tachypnea Cut off rate per minute Less than 1 week up to 2 months: 60 or more 2 months up to 12 months: 50 or more 12 months up to 5 years: 40 or more. Pathophysiology: Hypoxaemia Pulmonary oedema Parenchymal inflammation Restricitve/obstructive diseases
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The most severe sign: Apnoea Acute life threatening event: Apnoea > 20 second or associated with pallor, cyanosis, convulsion or limpness. Aetiology: Prematurity Sepsis Meningitis/encephalitis Drugs Abnormal muscle tone
Background image of page 4
Commonest respiratory symptom. Physiological to remove excess secretions or foreign body. Cough receptors in the posterior pharynx and large bronchi. Vagus/ glossopharyngeal: afferent to cough centre –pons /medulla . Efferent to - larynx/ diaphragm/ chest wall/abdominal wall/pelvic Acute: lasts less than 2 weeks. Chronic: lasts more than 2 weeks.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PDBIO 305 taught by Professor Woods,a during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

Page1 / 18

An approach to a child with respiratory symptoms -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online