GENITOURINARY INFECTIONS - Gram pos cocci Virulence Strain...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
GENITOURINARY INFECTIONS Urinary Tract Infections (UTI's) Urethritis - inflammation urethra Cystitis - inflammation bladder Pyelonephritis - inflammation kidneys Usually caused by Gram neg. bacilli of GI tract: (E. coli, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella). Occur due to: 1) Obstruction that prevents complete emptying of bladder - scarring urethra, compression bladder by uterus, enlarged prostate, paralysis, deformity sphincter muscle, infrequent urination. Upon standing pH urine neutralizes, can serve as reservoir for microbial growth. 2) Nosocomial infection due to poor asepsis while inserting catheter or other instrument into urethra, bladder. Identification: urinalysis, urine culture Toxic Shock Syndrome TSS - Staphylococcus aureus
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Gram pos. cocci Virulence: Strain causing TSS produces an exfoliation exotoxin (scalded skin syndrome) and entero-exotoxin (diarrhea, shock). Transmission: From URT, skin of carriers. Hands most common vector → tampon → vagina. Disease: Organism ↑ in numbers in blood & abrasions in m.m. of vaginal wall → secretes toxins → bloodstream. Causes sunburn-like rash on skin → skin and m.m. separate and slough off → inflammation. Also accomp. by severe vomiting, diarrhea. Blood pressure ↓ , shock → can be fatal. Prevention: Washing hands before handling, insertion of tampon; avoiding use of tampons. Has also occurred in males following surgery, or with boils or other Staph infections....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course MCB MCB2010 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online