KINGDOM FUNGI - 2. Heterotrophs ( most are saprophytes ) B....

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KINGDOM FUNGI General Characteristics Of Fungi : 1. Size A. Microscopic and macroscopic forms B. Microscopic forms larger than bacteria 2. Eucaryotic A. Nucleus - haploid and/or diploid B. Organelles 3. Unicellular forms Yeast - microscopic 4. Multicellular forms A. Filamentous molds - microscopic B. Fleshy (Complex) Molds - macroscopic (mushrooms, puff balls, bracket fungi) 5. Dimorphism A. Capable of existing in either multicellular or unicellular forms B. Depends on environmental conditions (temperature) 6. Metabolism A. Nutritional requirements : 1. Absorb nutrients ( excrete exoenzymes )
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Heterotrophs ( most are saprophytes ) B. Oxygen requirements 1. Molds - aerobic 2. Yeast - aerobic, facultative C. Chemosynthesis ( chemoheterotrophs ) 1. Enzymes catalyze metabolic reactions 2. Energy oxidation CHO ( respiration) YEAST 1. Colony morphology a. Bacteria-like - smooth, rough, shinny, dull, etc. b. Pigmented 2. Microscopic morphology a. Size - larger than bacteria (3 - 15 m) b. Shape - round, oval, cylindrical 3. Yeast cell structure a. Same cell parts as mold cell (see figure in handout) b. Some have capsule...
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KINGDOM FUNGI - 2. Heterotrophs ( most are saprophytes ) B....

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