midterm1Spr10-key

midterm1Spr10-key - Name_ Introduction to Cognitive...

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Name_________________________ Introduction to Cognitive Psychology Spring Quarter, 2010 Midterm I KEY CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION (1 pt. ea.) 1. Rationalism is to ____________ as empiricism is to ________________. (a) verifiable evidence; theory (b) theory; verifiable evidence (c) manipulation; verifiable evidence (c) verifiable evidence; manipulation 2. Theresa, a judge, does not accept circumstantial evidence in her court. She only allows evidence based on what witnesses have seen or heard firsthand. Theresa appears to be a(n) (a) Structuralist. (b) Empiricist. (c) Rationalist. (d) Nativist. 3. Bill, a mechanic, believes that automobile researchers should study how car parts function and the processes that occur in and among parts. If Bill had chosen Psychology as a career, he might have been in favor of (a) Gestaltism. (b) Structuralism. (c) Functionalism. (d) Behaviorism. 4. Which of the following best applies to Gestalt psychology? (a) The sum of the parts is equal to the whole. (b) All is part of the whole. (c) The whole is best understood by analyzing its parts. (d) The whole differs from the sum of its parts. 5. Two scientists debate the proper approach to psychological research. (They are rarely invited to parties.) The first argues that the only legitimate objects of study are individuals’ responses to stimuli. The second maintains that the internal processes that lead to such responses must be rigorously investigated. The first scientist is a__________, whereas the second is a __________. (a) behaviorist; cognitive psychologist (b) nativist; empiricist (c) behaviorist; epistemologist (d) empiricist; cognitive psychologist 1
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6. Suppose that George wants to train his cat not to jump on the table. When his cat sits quietly below the table, George gives the cat a treat. When the cat jumps on the table, George sprays him with water. Soon the cat no longer jumps on the table. George’s training method has its foundation in which school of thought? (a) structuralism (b) behaviorism (c) cognition (d) introspection 7. Dorothy conducted an experiment and found a 20 point difference between the experimental and control group. A statistical test revealed that this difference was significant. Which of the following is true? (a) The difference between the groups probably did not occur by chance; thus, the difference is theoretically meaningful. (b) The difference between the groups probably did not occur by chance, but the difference may not be scientifically or practically important. (c) The difference between the groups could not have occurred by chance, thus, the difference is theoretically meaningful. (d) The difference between the groups could not have occurred by chance; thus, a replication of the experiment is unnecessary. 8.
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midterm1Spr10-key - Name_ Introduction to Cognitive...

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