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Unformatted text preview: 4. Advances in informational technologies have affected the tasks and functions of ________ managers. A) top B)middle. C) first-layer D) all of the above 5. The top managers of an organization must devote more time to ________________ than lower level managers do. A) planning and organizing B) leading C)controlling D) vision E) motivation 6. The outcome of planning is _________ , a cluster of decisions concerning what organizational goals to pursue, what actions to take, and how to use resources to achieve goals. A) an organizational structure B) a control mechanism C) a strategy D) leadership E)efficiency...
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- Spring '11