MidTerm #2 Study Guide

MidTerm #2 Study Guide - MidTerm #2 Study Guide...

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MidTerm #2 Study Guide Definitions/Distinctions: Value: that which one acts to gain and/or keep. (goal) Virtue: that act by which one gains and or keep values.(action) Rights: a right is a moral principle defining and sanctioning a mans freedom of action in a social context. Price Gouging: A practice in which prices on certain kinds of necessary items are raised in the wake of an emergency situations to what appear to be unfair or exploitatively high levels. Hypernorms: entail principles so fundamental to human existence that they serve as a guide in evaluating lower level moral norms. Moral precepts fundamental to human beings. Subjective egoism: what is moral based on what is good for me short term. Each person be unique. Objective egoism: long term/course of life. Can judge-everyone similar Absolutism: ? that some rules stay the same thru time in space. Relativism: morality itself changes thru time and space. Bounded Moral Rationality: Moral agents are limited; Moral theories are limited; Economic systems vary from country to country Authentic Norms: Compliance is approved; Almost everybody does it; Deviance is disapproved. Collectivism: humans fundlementally born members of groups. Individualism: humans fundlementally individuals who can join groups. Guided Ethical Theory Questions: Rand Subjective egoism: fundlementally different what is moral based on what is good for me short term. Each person be unique. Objective egoism: long term/course of life. Can judge-everyone similar. Rand supports objective egoism Objectivism nutshell Metaphysics: reality that we are here. Epistemology: The reason Ethics: the rationality of man and man qua man (be all you can be) Politics: capitalism
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Value: that which one acts to gain and/or keep. (goal) Virtue: that act by which one gains and or keep values.(action) 3 cardinal values: reason, purpose, self-esteem. All values reason have a purpose all want self- esteem. 3 cardinal virtue: rationally, productiveness, pride. Be rational all the time. Be productive get you to purpose. Pride moral ambitiousness hold yourself to highest value. Earn right to be proud of myself, action of pride leaves to self-esteem. The virtue of rationality leads to reasoning. Happiness: is a by product of virtue. is by productivity of virtue. Get things done you will be happy. Justice=trade. over long haul not short haul. Don’t get stuck. If someone gets hit and they stay
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MidTerm #2 Study Guide - MidTerm #2 Study Guide...

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