FINAL STUDY GUIDE - b Situation Ethics...

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FINAL STUDY GUIDE Philosophy : The study of existence of man, and mans relationship of existence. Value : that which one acts to gain and/or keep. (goal) Virtue : that act by which one gains and or keep values.(action) Rights: a right is a moral principle defining and sanctioning a man’s freedom of action in a social context. Hypernorms: entail principles so fundamental to human existence that they serve as a guide in evaluating lower level moral norms. Moral precepts fundamental to human beings. Moral Psychology vs. Moral Philosophy Moral Psychology : Describes how you do behave in moral situations. a. Moral decision-making : Steps or process people go through to make decisions. b. Moral development: How children become moral adults. Moral Philosophy : How you should behave in a moral situation. a. Character Ethics: Inware. - Virtue Theory: Each person choose what they think is most important and follows that.
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Unformatted text preview: b. Situation Ethics : Outware. -Consequentialist : What moral based on consequence. -Nonconsequentialist : Not based on consequence. Negative Rights Vs. Positive Rights a. Negative Rights : Leave people alone, helps you. Lets you just do it. Nozicks said we should only have negative rights. b. Positive Rights: I have to do something for you. You don’t have to work to get the stuff. Don’t exist according to Nozicks. Utilitarian vs. Rights Justification of Capitalism: Utilitarianism – Capitalism is the economic system that best maximizes the common good. Rights – Capitalism is the only economic system that respects fundamental human rights, such as property rights and freedom of association. Subjective egoism: what is moral based on what is good for me short term. Each person be unique. Objective egoism : long term/course of life. Can judge-everyone similar...
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FINAL STUDY GUIDE - b Situation Ethics...

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