Art history Final Review

Art history Final Review - FLANDERS BAROQUE 1618 - 1638...

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FLANDERS BAROQUE 1618 - 1638 1618 – Rubens – Arrival of Marie de’Medici at Marseilles 1618 – Rubens – Elevation of the Cross 1638 – Rubens – Allegory of the Outbreak of War 1638 – Van Dyck – Charles I Dismounted The Spanish-Netherlands remained Roman Catholic w/ close connections to European Baroque art. Rubens – Ren + Ita/baroque influence (classical) 1 st international stylist o Altarpiece: Elevation of the Cross, 1618. Michelangelo’s muscle strain/tension/contorted bodies, baroque diagonals, foreshortened anatomy. o Painting: Arrival of Marie de’Medici at Marseilles, 1618. One of 21 for her home (Palais de Luxembourg), falsely glorifying her career. Allegorical representations (fleur-de-leis [ like Louis XIV], knight of Malta, etc.). Common theme of freely acting human body in an environment of physical forces/other interacting bodies. o Painting: Allegory of the Outbreak of War, 1638. Commissioned by the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando II. Showed his peaceful attitudes about war. In the presence of war, harmony/architecture/literature don’t exist. Reversal of common theme of War (Mars) triumphing Love (Venus). Same body theme. Van Dyck – Ruben’s student, court painter to Charles I (ill-fated Stuart king, attempted to rule as absolute monarch, personal rule, in England after Parliament was dismissed. o Portrait: Charles I Dismounted, 1638. Regal poise revealing absolute authority, royal forest laws, & ship tax. [ Same subject, regal poise as Louis XIV] DUTCH REPUBLIC BAROQUE 1618 – 1668 1618 – Honthorst – Supper Party 1638 – Claesz – Vanitas Still Life 1638 – Cuyp – The “Large Dort” 1638 – Hals – Archers of Saint Hadrian 1638 – Leyster – Self-Portrait 1638 – Rembrandt – Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp 1638 – Rembrandt – Night Watch 1658 – Rembrandt – Self-Portrait 1658 – Rembrandt – Hundred Guilder Print 1658 – Return of the Prodigal Son 1658 – Jan Steen – Feast of Saint Nicholas 1668 – Ruisdael – View of Haarlem from the Dunes at Overeen 1668 – Vermeer – The Letter 1668 – Vermeer – Allegory of the Art of Painting The Dutch were Protestant (reformed Catholic religion, specifically Calvinist-even more strict!). New political/social/economic prosperity with power in the hands of urban middle class. Lack of religion/upper class = few commissions and new open-art
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market with mass produce of genre paintings. “Golden Age of Dutch Art.” Hals and Rembrandt were the main determinants of contemporary Dutch art. Society portraits, symbols of power and wealth to establish authority. Honthorst o Painting: Supper Party, 1618. Typical Dutch genre scene of an informal gathering with the typically included moral message (gluttony/lust). [ Hidden light source]. Hals – esteemed for portraiture (non-frat style groups)
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HART 111 taught by Professor Johns during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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Art history Final Review - FLANDERS BAROQUE 1618 - 1638...

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