Social Groups and Organization8

Social Groups and Organization8 - member of the same group...

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Social Groups and Organizations Task orientation None. A person belongs to family simply by virtue of existence. A person is there to accomplish a specific task and do his or her job. Emotional intimacy Strong. Family members see each other at their best and worst and are privy to one another’s feelings. It is inappropriate to show strong emotion or to discuss personal problems. Relation-ships are generally impersonal and work-related. In-Groups and Out-Groups An in-group is a group to which we belong and to which we feel loyalty. An out-group is a group to which we do not belong and to which we feel no loyalty. We judge people to be members of our group based on factors including religion, race, nationality, job category, and level of education. When we meet a person for the first time, we often size them up to see if they are “one of us.” One person’s perception of another to be a
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Unformatted text preview: member of the same group can foment feelings of loyalty or shared identity. Individuals who meet by chance and happen to share something in common, such as their hometown or alma mater, often feel an immediate kinship. Muslims As an Out-Group in the United States The perception that someone is a member of an out-group can lead to competition, discrimination, and even hatred. After the attacks of September 11, 2001, many people viewed followers of Islam as members of the out-group and developed an “us-and-them” attitude that vilified Muslims. The in-group became Americans who were not Muslim, and the out-group became members of the Muslim faith, regardless of nationality....
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