Social Institution6

Social Institution6 - family members, and marry and settle...

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Social Institutions Family The institution of family has three important functions: 1. To provide for the rearing of children 2. To provide a sense of identity or belonging among its members 3. To transmit culture between generations In Western societies, we tend to think of a family as consisting of a mother, father, and children living under one roof: a nuclear family . Before societies modernize, families usually consist of several generations and branches of extended family living in the same dwelling, or in the same village. As modernization occurs, young people tend to move away from the villages in which they were raised in search of jobs, leaving the older generations behind. They relocate to cities and meet people they probably never would have met had they stayed home. People in modernized, urbanized societies meet spouses on their own, rather than being introduced by
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Unformatted text preview: family members, and marry and settle down in locations that are often far from their original communities. Marriage Marriage, a foundation of family life, exists in all cultures, with some variations: Endogamy: Marriage between members of the same category, class, or group Exogamy: Marriage between members of different categories, classes, or groups Monogamy: Marriage between one man and one woman Polygamy: Marriage between one man and more than one woman Polyandry: Marriage between one woman and more than one man In some cultures, after marriage, a couple lives in the wifes familys householda practice called matrilocality . When couples live in the husbands familys household, the practice is called patriolocality . If they go out and get their own place to live, they practice neolocality ....
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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