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Social Institution7 - Governments in Conflict Conflicts in...

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Social Institutions Party Politics The United States has a two-party political system, in which the Democratic Party and the Republic Party are the dominant political forces. The Democratic Party believes that the government should play an active role in promoting the general welfare of the country and takes a liberal stand on social issues. The Republican Party believes that the government should take a limited role in providing social services and takes a conservative stand on social issues. Weber’s Power Theory Sociologist Max Weber identified power —the ability to achieve ends even in the face of resistance—as the foundation of government. Getting people to comply with a government’s rule also requires authority, which is power people believe is just. Weber labeled three kinds of authority: traditional authority , which rests on well-established cultural patterns; rational-legal authority , which rests on rules and laws; and charismatic authority , which depends on the personal magnetism of one person.
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Unformatted text preview: Governments in Conflict Conflicts in governments generally take three forms: 1. Revolution: A violent overthrow of the government by its citizens. Often, a group of charismatic philosophers and intellectuals sparks the movement. 2. War: Armed conflict between nations or societies. Societies have always waged war over rights to land and resources or because of conflicting moral, political, or religious objectives. In the twentieth century, the nature of war changed dramatically with the development of nuclear weapons. Massive stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction has made the threat of global annihilation a strong deterrent to war among industrialized nations. 3. Terrorism: A politically motivated violent attack on civilians by an individual or group. Since few nations have the military strength to attack the United States directly, terrorism by extremist groups within and outside the country has become an increasingly potent threat....
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