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Unformatted text preview: Social Stratification and Inequality Division of Labor and Job Specialization Division of labor in agricultural societies led to job specialization and stratification. People began to value certain jobs more highly than others. The further someone was from actual agriculture work, the more highly he or she was respected. Manual laborers became the least respected members of society, while those engaged in high culture, such as art or music, became the most respected. As basic survival needs were met, people began trading goods and services they could not provide for themselves and began accumulating possessions. Some accumulated more than others and gained prestige in society as a result. For some people, accumulating possessions became their primary goal. These individuals passed on what they had to future generations, concentrating wealth into the hands of a few groups. Industrialized Societies The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain in the mid-1700s, when the steam engine came...
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- Fall '10