Socializatio3 - what they eat. To be promoted to a higher...

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Socialization Total Institutions Most Americans are socialized to think for themselves and make their own decisions about daily tasks. That changes when they are resocialized by what sociologist Erving Goffman labeled a total institution. A total institution is an organization or setting that has the following characteristics: Residents are not free to leave. All actions are determined and monitored by authority figures. Contact with outsiders is carefully controlled. The environment is highly standardized. Rules dictate when, where, and how members do things. Individuality is discouraged. Examples of total institutions include prisons, mental hospitals, and the military. In these total institutions, part of the resocialization process includes the loss of some decision-making freedom. The military decides what its soldiers wear, how they spend their time, and when and
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Unformatted text preview: what they eat. To be promoted to a higher rank, they must demonstrate that they have been resocialized and have successfully adapted to the militarys norms and values. The Drama of Life Goffman also developed the concept of dramaturgy , the idea that life is like a never-ending play in which people are actors. Goffman believed that when we are born, we are thrust onto a stage called everyday life, and that our socialization consists of learning how to play our assigned roles from other people. We enact our roles in the company of others, who are in turn enacting their roles in interaction with us. He believed that whatever we do, we are playing out a role on the stage of life....
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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