SocializationPrimary Socialization•Socializationis the process whereby we learn to become competent members of a group. Primary socializationis the learning we experience from the people who raise us. •Researchers have many theories about the developmental stages that children experience.•Freudtheorized that the development of the id, ego, and superegooccurs over time and that the three must be in balance.•Meaddeveloped a theory which posited that “self” is a product of social experience.•Cooleydeveloped the notion of the looking-glass self.•Piagetposited four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational.•Kohlbergdeveloped a theory of moral development with three levels: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional.•Agents of socializationare people, groups, and experiences that influence behavior and self-image. They include family, school, peer groups, and the mass media.
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Kohlberg's stages of moral development, Resocialization, socialization Primary socialization