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Socialization - Socialization Primary Socialization...

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Socialization Primary Socialization Socialization is the process whereby we learn to become competent members of a group. Primary socialization is the learning we experience from the people who raise us. Researchers have many theories about the developmental stages that children experience. Freud theorized that the development of the id , ego , and superego occurs over time and that the three must be in balance. Mead developed a theory which posited that “self” is a product of social experience. Cooley developed the notion of the looking-glass self . Piaget posited four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor , preoperational , concrete operational , and formal operational . Kohlberg developed a theory of moral development with three levels: preconventional , conventional , and postconventional . Agents of socialization are people, groups, and experiences that influence behavior and self-image. They include family, school, peer groups, and the mass media.
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