Society and Culture

Society and Culture - dominant culture does not share • A...

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Society and Culture Status and Roles We all occupy several statuses, or positions in particular settings, and play roles based on them. A role is a set of norms, values, and behaviors attached to a status. When we are expected to fulfill more than one role at the same time, we can experience role conflict . Culture Culture is everything made, learned, or shared by the members of a society. Although cultures vary dramatically, they all are composed of material culture (physical things) and nonmaterial culture (intangible aspects such as beliefs and values ). A dominant culture is the culture held by the majority or the most powerful. It usually maintains economic, political, and cultural power. A subculture is a culture within the dominant culture. The subculture does not oppose the dominant culture but does have its own material and nonmaterial cultures that the
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Unformatted text preview: dominant culture does not share. • A counterculture actively opposes the dominant culture. • Ethnocentrism is the tendency to view other cultures by the standards of one’s own culture. Ethnocentrists often consider their cultures superior to other cultures. • The opposite of ethnocentrism, cultural relativism , means interpreting other cultures based on one’s own standards. • We experience culture shock when the practices of other cultures seem unfamiliar, scary, or shocking. • William Ogburn coined the term culture lag , which occurs when material and nonmaterial culture develop at different rates. For example, culture lag sometimes leaves us with technology we’re not yet sure how to use. • Cultural diffusion occurs when an item of culture spreads throughout a culture or from one culture to another....
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Society and Culture - dominant culture does not share • A...

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