Society and Culture

Society and Culture - dominant culture does not share. A...

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Society and Culture Status and Roles We all occupy several statuses, or positions in particular settings, and play roles based on them. A role is a set of norms, values, and behaviors attached to a status. When we are expected to fulfill more than one role at the same time, we can experience role conflict . Culture Culture is everything made, learned, or shared by the members of a society. Although cultures vary dramatically, they all are composed of material culture (physical things) and nonmaterial culture (intangible aspects such as beliefs and values ). A dominant culture is the culture held by the majority or the most powerful. It usually maintains economic, political, and cultural power. A subculture is a culture within the dominant culture. The subculture does not oppose the dominant culture but does have its own material and nonmaterial cultures that the
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Unformatted text preview: dominant culture does not share. A counterculture actively opposes the dominant culture. Ethnocentrism is the tendency to view other cultures by the standards of ones own culture. Ethnocentrists often consider their cultures superior to other cultures. The opposite of ethnocentrism, cultural relativism , means interpreting other cultures based on ones own standards. We experience culture shock when the practices of other cultures seem unfamiliar, scary, or shocking. William Ogburn coined the term culture lag , which occurs when material and nonmaterial culture develop at different rates. For example, culture lag sometimes leaves us with technology were not yet sure how to use. Cultural diffusion occurs when an item of culture spreads throughout a culture or from one culture to another....
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Society and Culture - dominant culture does not share. A...

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