Sociology Major Figure1

Sociology Major Figure1 - Reckless explored how inner and...

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Sociology Major Figures Ohlin, Lloyd - (1918– ) Sociologist who theorized that the greatest responsibility of industrialized societies was to prepare the next generation of workers. Ohlin and Richard Cloward also developed the concept of “illegitimate opportunity structure,” or access to various illegal means for achieving success. Piaget, Jean - (1896–1980) A pioneer in the field of child psychology. Piaget argued that children develop their thinking capacity in stages and that the progression through these stages depends on a genetically determined timetable. His research changed the way people viewed education, inspiring educators to see that children explore the world actively and come up with their own hypotheses about what they observe. Reckless, Walter - (1898–1988) The sociologist who developed the control theory of deviance.
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Unformatted text preview: Reckless explored how inner and outer controls could prevent a person from committing deviant acts. Simmel, Georg- (18581918) A sociologist who explored the ways in which the size of a group affects its stability and the relationships among its members. Simmel hypothesized that as a group grows larger, its stability increases but its intimacy decreases. Sutherland, Edwin- (18831950) The sociologist who developed the theory of differential association. Sutherland asserted that people learn deviance from other people, rather than being biologically predisposed to it. Thomas, W. I.- (18631947) A sociologist who analyzed how people use their backgrounds and beliefs about the world to construct their own versions of reality. His Thomas Theorem posits that when a situation is considered real, then its consequences are real....
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