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Sociology Major Figure3 - groupthink to describe a...

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Sociology Major Figures Harlow, Henry - (1905–1981) A psychologist who studied the effects of social isolation on rhesus monkeys. Harlow found that monkeys raised in isolation for short periods were able to overcome the effects of their isolation, whereas those isolated more than six months were permanently impaired. Harlow also found mother-child love in monkeys was due to cuddling, not feeding. Harrington, Michael - (1928–1989) A sociologist who argued that colonialism was replaced by neocolonialism. Harrington believed that most industrialized nations tend to exploit less developed countries politically and economically. Hirschi, Travis - (1935– ) A sociologist who elaborated on the control theory of deviance and identified four elements that he believed would render an individual more or less likely to commit acts of deviance. Janis, Irving - (1918–1990) The sociologist who coined the term groupthink. Janis used
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Unformatted text preview: groupthink to describe a phenomenon wherein individuals in positions of power cave in to pressure to agree with the rest of their group until there is only one possible course of action to take. Lemert, Edwin- (1912–1996) The sociologist who differentiated between primary deviance and secondary deviance. Lemert contended that the difference between primary deviance and secondary deviance is in the reactions that other people have to the original act of deviance. Lewis, Oscar- (1914–1970) A social economist who coined the term culture of poverty . Lewis maintained that poor people do not learn the norms and values that can help them improve their circumstances and become locked in a cycle of poverty. Liazos, Alexander- (1941– ) A sociologist who analyzed the relationship between deviance and power. Liazos concluded that the people most likely to be labeled as deviant were those who were relatively powerless....
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