NURS 6512: Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning Week 3: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children Main Discussion Post Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer- associated death among men worldwide (Cleves et al., 2018). Also known as the most commonly diagnosed visceral cancer in the United States, there were approximately 165,000 new cases/diagnosis, and 29, 000 deaths alone in 2018, according to Hoffman (2018). In men ages, 55, the detection of prostate cancer is around 30 percent and 60 percent for men by age 80 (Hoffman, 2018). Due to the slow progression in growth, most men die of other causes before the disease reaches its advanced state (Hoffman, 2018). The development of diagnostic tools, such as the prostate-specific antigen test, has changed the way prostate cancer is being screened. The Use of Prostate Specific Antigen in Health Care According to Cheuck (2019), PSA is a single chain glycoprotein that is produced by the prostate. The ranges for normal PSA levels may depend on the person's age. The highest limit of normal for PSA level is 4ng/mL; However for those around 50 years of age, the normal is 2.5ng/mL, 3.5ng/mL for those ages 60 years, and 4.5ng/mL for individuals around 70 years old. Some
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- Summer '15
- Prostate cancer