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9-27 - • less likely to have'giving up tendencies ◦...

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First section for Test 2 Types vs. Traits Types Typologies typically represent categorical dimensions of personality broken down into categorical variable male female extrovert introvert Carl Jung Introvert vs. Extravert you're either one or the other When you describe someone as an introvert you are using traits the categories are types Traits Traits typically represent continuous dimensions of personality We often describe traits using "type" language extraverts experience more positive emotions Different Approaches to Traits What Traits are important? Self-Monitoring Distinction between public self and private self high self monitoring low self monitoring Optimisim Are happier even under negative circumstances better coping mechanisms problem focused coping accepting the reality of the situation
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Unformatted text preview: • less likely to have 'giving up' tendencies ◦ less likely to drink 'to cope' Essential Traits: How do you ID them • Top-Down method ◦ start with theory ◦ used hipppocrates, galen, jung, and wundt to id two super traits ▪ don't worry about knowing the super traits ▪ introversion-extraversion and emotionality-stability ▪ later added a third trait- psychoticism • bottom- Up ◦ Start with info ◦ Raymond Cattell ▪ had no preconceived notions ▪ Came up with a battery of tests ▪ Wanted to let 'reality' reveal itself ▪ imperical method ▪ Factor Analysis ◦ The lexical hypothesis ▪ the idea that most important traits can be found in the language people use to describe each other ▪ there are many traits ▪ 4500...
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9-27 - • less likely to have'giving up tendencies ◦...

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