9-2 - Two Types of Groups Collectives people who are non...

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Two Types of Groups Collectives people who are non social common activities but limited interaction Ex: Plane Groups three or more people who are interdependent upon one another social groups feeling of "we" we like eachother we do things together size matters a group can't be too big to where everyone can't be interdependent similarity people in the groups tend to be similar attracted to the group on a similar basis ex: frat, sorority Social Norms Both types of groups affect people's behaviors Group Processes Social facilitation theor y (UNDERSTAND THIS THOROUGHLY) Cockroaches and mazes (Zajonc et al., 1969) manipulated whether other roaches were present roach ran from light to dark box independent variable easy or hard cockroaches present or not Dependent variable time When task was easy and alone it took longer When maze was easy and others were around the task is easier The opposite was true when the task was harder individual's behavior is changed based on groups The presence of others creates physiological arousal and increases likelihood of a dominant response for the task at hand
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9-2 - Two Types of Groups Collectives people who are non...

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