Lecture+3+PH+Data+Epi+and+Emergency+Preparedness

Lecture+3+PH+Data+Epi+and+Emergency+Preparedness - LECTURE...

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LECTURE 3: Data, Epidemiology and Emergency Preparedness
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Overview Data * Types * Uses Epidemiology Basics Social Media Uses Emergency Preparedness Katrina
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Uses of Data Assess the health of a community Raw material for research Collected by all levels of government
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Types of Data Demographic Census – social, economic and housing characteristics Vital Statistics data § Birth § Death § Marriage § Divorce § Fetal deaths
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The Census Originally used to determine political compositions of Congress as well as distribution of funds to states and communities The US Census Bureau is part of the US Commerce Department Serves as denominator for most public health data – age, sex, race, ethnicity, education, housing, geographical location
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The Census, cont. Conducted every 10 years – why? Constitutional mandated survey every 10 years to determine representation American Community Survey done in between Data collection methods are closely tracked. Some issues include: * How is race determine? * Statistical sampling – undercounting and overcounting… who benefits
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Vital Statistics A. Birth Certificates Include race, ethnicity, medical/health information from hospitals. Much information is confidential even to people named in certificate Used for public health research B. Death Certificates Tough to get information – incorrect diagnoses AIDS or suicide may not be listed - stigma
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Vital Statistics, cont. C. Infant Mortality Useful data Computer linkages exist for death certificates and birth certificates allow for research and comparisons
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Collection of Data Local Records include birth, death, notifiable diseases and other information Transmitted from local governments to the State State transmits information to National center for Health Statistics (part of CDC) Federal government also gathers information through random population surveys
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Other Data Sources Health Status Data § National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) § Morbidity and Mortality Report ( MMWR) § Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) § Disease registries
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Other Data Sources Utilization § Medicare § Medicaid § National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey § National Hospital Discharge Survey Health resources § # of doctors, nurses § # of hospital beds, out patient facilities
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Other data Sources Behavioral risk § Lifestyle surveys § National Immunization Survey § Gross National Product (GNP) § Consumer Price Index (CPI) § Employment rates
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Other Data Sources § Height § Weight § Blood pressure § Blood lead level § RBC, WBC § Cholesterol
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Common Epidemiological Data Presentations § Frequency Distribution Tables § Line graph § Bar graph § Pie chart § Histogram
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Surveys National Center for Health Statistics - Includes National Health Interview Survey - National Health and Nutritional Exam - Behavior Risk Factor Survey – general info
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Lecture+3+PH+Data+Epi+and+Emergency+Preparedness - LECTURE...

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