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Intro to Cognitive Psychology

Intro to Cognitive Psychology - use of knowledge” o Ulric...

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When you describe a scenario, you might come up with some of the following: o Perceiving your environment Using different senses (smell, hear, see) o Attention Are you focusing on the right things? o Various memories Thinking about other things that you are able to recall o Categorization Sub-typing and grouping items o Visualization Forming mental pictures of things that are not present o Language Words and the communication of ideas o Problem Solving How did we even manage to start answering the question at hand? o Decision making Trying to come up with an answer to a question and deciding what to do What is Cognitive Psychology? o Study of mental processes o Goldstein, 2011: “the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of the mind” But what is the mind? o Reed, 2010: “The study of the mental operations that support people’s acquisition and
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Unformatted text preview: use of knowledge” o Ulric Neisser, 1967: “Cognitive psychology refers to all processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used.” Transformed: Active beings in the environment. Make information into utilizable information Reduced: Don’t take in all information. We are limited capacity individuals who selectively take in relevant information. Elaborated: Able to add additional information, maybe from previous memories Stored and recovered: Refers to the memorial process. Our ability to hold onto information and access it later Used: Most important. We can apply the information in various beneficial ways...
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